Chyprus

KypriakÝ DimokratÝa, Nicosie


Currency : euro since 2008

5 mils of 1955 when chyprus was british.

3 Mils (1955, 6,250,000 mintage) with a flying fish

25 cents with a cedar of Lebanon.

1 Cent with a stylised bird

2 cents, two goats from the 13th century BC found at the bottom of a bowl.

5 cents. Bull's head drawn in a cup.

20 Cents (1989 -1990) ; with Zenon z Kition (ZÚnon of Citium) born in chyprus and fandator of stoicism.

50 cents with Europe and Zeus, dressed in a bull.

Cyprus was declared an independent on August 1960 after they had fought the British for 4 years, between 1955 and 1995. It is the homeland of two distinctive peoples, one is of Turkish origin, which accounts for 18 % of the population, and the other one is of Greek origin. The Cyprus Constitution and the basic law governing the Turkish Cypriot community have tried to bridge the gap between the two communities in many different ways. Turkish community had 30 % of the rights of participation in a government and the public office, and 40 % in the army. The vice president, of Turkish origin, had a right of veto. In 1963, the president tried to minimize the Turkish rights, the Turkish population went on strike and the Turkish Cypriot side decided it should withdraw from the Cyprus talks. July 15, 1974, the military junta of Athens seized power in Cyprus. July 20, Turkey conquered 37 % of the island taking account of a situation of considerable instability and the need  for the Turkish population to be protected. 200,000 Greek Cypriots were forced from their homes and became refugees in their own nation. 

Sources: Cyprus, published by the Press and Information Office of the Republic of Cyprus. 

The capital is divided into two, UN supervise the zone. Turkey is the only country to recognize the existence of a Cypriot northern government.

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